Hawaii is a tropical island that is one of the states of America but lies hundreds of miles west
of it. The Hawaiian islands are made up of volcanic lava. The lava flowed quickly, which formed the
islands to what they are now. Strangely enough, lava is able to sustain plant life. Beautiful plants
and exotic flowers are known to thrive atop volcanic lava. Hawaii's volcanoes are still very much
active today, but the older volcanoes are not as active anymore.
Volcanoes are made
up of a type of rock called basalt. When a volcano erupts, lava pours out of the top, trickles down
the mountain and creates new islands. Hawaii currently has five volcanoes that exhibit energetic
activity. They are Hualalai, Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea, Kilauea and Kohala. Out of the five volcanoes,
however, Mauna Loa is one of the most known volcanoes, and it has not erupted in Hawaii since 1984.
Hawaii's Kilauea volcano, by far, hold the most volcanic activity because it erupts the most.
Since 1993, Kilauea has helped create over 550 acres of land. The rivers of hot orange molten
lava travel down the sides of the volcano, which is a spectacular spectacle that many visitors and
even Hawaiian natives love to see. You can even see the volcanoes erupting from your vehicles. There
are tour companies that, as dangerous as it may seem, offer tours to see the lava flow and such. For
many, many years, the first Hawaiians believed that Kilauea was the goddess of the mountain. Many
Hawaiians still hold that belief to the present day.
The islands are formed when the
lava hits the water, and it rises to the top. You can see lava create vents of smoldering steam and
huge chasms. Sometimes, caves are formed. Kona is a two-hour drive and Kahala is a five-hour drive
from the National Park. Volcanoes are an exciting thing to see and watch, but they are very
dangerous because of the toxin coming from the lava. If you get too close to one, the toxins can
kill you, which is why fences have been set up around the perimeter of the volcanoes.
You can see balls of lava flying through the air and see the steam when it hits the water. You
can hike around inactive volcanoes in the park, or you can take a tour and have someone fly around
one to get a view of the inside of a volcano. If you hike out past sunset be sure to bring a lot of
food, water, and one change of clothing. Make sure you bring your camera with you to get some
amazing sights to take home.